Archival digital print on Hahnemühle paper, 72 x 27 inches

OVER THERE responds to historical and contemporary notions of liberty, here and “over there.” It was created soon after the revolutionary movements of the Arab Spring of 2011. Connections between Egypt and America exist in the history of the Statue of Liberty, a noted symbol of freedom. Originally known as "Liberty Enlightening the World," the statue was proposed by the French historian Edouard de Laboulaye to commemorate the Franco-American alliance during the American Revolution. Its sculptor, Frédéric Bartholdi, began developing plans for a colossal female figure as a beacon for a proposed to Ismail Pasha, Khedive of Egypt. The plan was to build a huge lighthouse in the form of an ancient Egyptian female fellah or peasant, robed and holding a torch aloft, at the northern entrance to the Suez Canal in Port Said. The figure was based on Bartholdi’s 1856 drawings that used black Egyptian women as models. The Egyptian beacon was never built but the Statue of Liberty’s 1870-71 design evolved from this earlier version.

Informed by a photograph of the right arm and torch displayed at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in New York, the torch in “Over There” has slipped from Liberty’s hand. The torch is an instrument of human agency so its fall or absence might ask how abstract and ideal notions of “freedom” become realities. Who truly bears the torch of freedom today and how is liberty won?